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Blood Sugar Chart For Prediabetes

Posted at January 24th, 2023 | Categorised in Blood Sugar

Blood Sugar Chart For Prediabetes – The A1C test measures your blood sugar levels over the past several months. Healthcare providers use them to diagnose prediabetes and type 2 diabetes and to monitor how well your medication plan is working.

The A1C test measures the amount of glucose (sugar) in your blood over the past three months. Results are reported as a percentage. Eating too much will cause your blood glucose levels to become too high.

Blood Sugar Chart For Prediabetes

Glucose (sugar) mainly comes from the food and drinks you eat. It is your body’s main source of energy. Your blood carries glucose to all the cells in your body to be used as energy.

What Is A1c And Normal A1c?

Several physiological processes help to keep your blood glucose levels at a healthy level. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, is the most important part of maintaining healthy blood sugar levels.

If you have high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) – and the A1C results – usually indicate diabetes. Diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or your body does not use insulin properly.

If you have diabetes, you should have your A1C tested two or more times a year to see how well your management plan is working. Your healthcare team will advise you on how to get these tests done.

If you do not have diabetes, your doctor may order an A1C test if you have symptoms of diabetes, such as:

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You can also have an A1C test to see if you are at risk for this disease. The risks are:

The A1C test is based on hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the part of red blood cells that carry oxygen throughout your body. When you have glucose in your blood, it binds to hemoglobin. This is called glycation. The more glucose in your blood, the more sticky it is. And it can stay there for about three months – about as long as red blood cells.

The A1C test measures how much glucose binds to hemoglobin over time. Because the A1C test measures blood sugar levels over time, it provides more information about blood sugar than a single test.

You can expect the following from an A1C test that involves sampling from your veins, or drawing blood:

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Blood tests are a well-known and important part of blood tests and examinations. There is very little risk with any type of A1C test. You may have some tenderness or bruising in the area of ​​the blood or finger, but this will go away quickly.

On this A1C chart, the first three lines are for diabetes. If a person with diabetes has regular A1C results, they are more likely to have diabetes-related complications.

A1C test results are reported as a percentage. This number represents the part of the hemoglobin protein that slides, or carries, sugar. The more, the higher your blood sugar will be in recent months.

If you already have diabetes, your A1C results are a reflection of how well your management plan has worked over the past three months. Management may include oral pills, insulin, blood sugar control and/or lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise. Your A1C can help you and your healthcare provider know if you need to change any part of your medication regimen.

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It’s important to remember that your A1C (if you have diabetes) is an average measurement of your blood sugar over several months. It is not a class or determination if you are living a healthy life. Be aware that your A1C will change throughout your life and that there are steps you can take to lower your diabetes management and A1C levels, if necessary.

Some laboratories report your A1C results as a percentage in addition to your average glucose (eAG).

The eAG calculator converts A1C percentages to the same units you use with your home glucometer (glycometer) – milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or milligrams per liter (mmol/L). Just like your A1C is an average, eAG is a single number that represents your blood sugar levels over the past three months.

For example, an A1C level of 7% is equivalent to an eAG of 154 mg/dL (8.6 mmol/L). An A1C level of 9% equates to an eAG of 212 mg/dL (11.8 mmol/L).

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For people with diabetes, what is “normal” and healthy for you depends on your goals and access to diabetes medications and tools. Together, you and your healthcare provider will determine what A1C range you should be aiming for. This will change your entire life.

In general, the American Diabetes Association recommends that the goal for most adults with diabetes should be an A1C of 7% or lower.

On the other hand, health care providers often recommend that people with type 1 diabetes who become pregnant try to maintain an A1C of 6.5% or lower during pregnancy. This is an attempt to reduce the health risk to the fetus and try to prevent fetal macrosomia.

The higher your A1C, especially if it’s been high for years, the more likely you are to have complications, including:

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Research shows that people with diabetes can reduce their risk of developing diabetes by keeping their A1C levels below 7%.

It is important to remember that there are other factors that can increase the risk of developing diabetes, such as genetics and how long you have had diabetes.

These factors can cause your results to be falsely low or false. Many things are caused by differences in the quality and health of your red blood cells.

The type of hemoglobin in your blood depends on the genes you inherit from your biological parents. There are many different types. The most common type is hemoglobin A. Other less common types of hemoglobin are called hemoglobin variants.

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Variation in hemoglobin does not increase the risk of developing diabetes, but it can affect A1C results. Laboratories have different methods for measuring A1C in the blood and hemoglobin levels.

Blood tests can detect different types of hemoglobin. Talk to your healthcare provider if you think you may have a hemoglobin difference that could affect your A1C results.

The following factors can cause a false positive A1C result, meaning the result is lower than your actual A1C level:

The following factors can cause a false positive A1C result, meaning the result is higher than your actual A1C level:

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If you have a high A1C (above 6.5%) for the first time, it does not mean that you have diabetes. Certain things, such as certain medications (such as steroids) or illness can temporarily increase blood sugar levels. Anemia and other conditions can cause false positive A1C results. There may also be an error in collection, transportation or testing.

Health care providers rely on multiple tests to diagnose diabetes. For example, a blood glucose test or other A1C test may be ordered. In any case, your provider will carefully interpret your results and discuss them with you.

For years, health care providers and people with diabetes have relied on A1C as the primary measure of how well their diabetes management is working.

For people with type 1 diabetes, in particular, blood sugar can fluctuate throughout the day, week and month. Because of this, A1C is not always an accurate measurement because it is based on an average.

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For example, a person with frequent blood sugar fluctuations between the lowest and highest ranges may have an A1C of 7%. A person whose blood sugar remains stable around 154 mg/dL may also have an A1C of 7%.

Recently, with the development of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) devices, healthcare providers and people with diabetes have found long-term (TIR)+ to be a useful and accurate indicator of diabetes management.

The transition period is the time when your blood sugar level is within the target range. TIR is measured as a percentage. Blood sugar goals can vary from person to person, but your goal is between 70 and 180 mg/dL. For most adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, providers recommend having a TIR greater than 70% (about 17 hours in a 24-hour day).

With CGM and TIR, providers and people with diabetes can see when they are experiencing high or low blood sugar events. This may help them to better adjust their treatment regimen.

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It can be worrisome to see A1C results that are abnormal or higher than you expected. Knowing you have a high A1C for the first time does not mean you have diabetes. Several factors can cause incorrect results. Your health care provider will let you know if you need to be tested again. Don’t be afraid to ask your provider questions. They are there to help you.

If you have diabetes, it’s important to remember that your A1C is only a short-term estimate of your blood sugar. Be aware that there are steps you can take to improve your A1C level. If you feel overwhelmed by diabetes, talk to yourself

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