How To Control Diabetes At Early Stage – Diabetic ketoacidosis, also known as DKA, is a severe deficiency of insulin in the body. This means that instead of using sugar for energy, the body starts using fat. When this happens, chemicals called ketones are released. Left unchecked, ketones build up and turn your blood acidic—hence the name acidosis.
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious condition that affects type 1 patients and occasionally type 2 patients (although they are more prone to hyperosmolar hyperglycemic states (HHS)).
Some children and adults who do not realize they have type 1 are not diagnosed with DKA until they feel very sick. It is important to recognize the signs and symptoms of DKA so that it can be treated quickly.
DKA can be serious if left untreated, so these are some warning signs to look out for. Share this information with friends, relatives or anyone who cares for your child, such as teachers and nannies. This way they can also identify the symptoms of DKA.
Here Kate tells us how her son Lewis became ill with DKA and was quickly diagnosed with Type 1.
Although most common in type 1 patients, DKA sometimes occurs in type 2 patients. It is important to seek emergency medical attention if you notice high blood sugar levels and any of the following signs.
In her video, Kate mentions the four most common symptoms of Type 1, the 4Ts. They are:
Early symptoms of DKA can often be treated with extra insulin and fluids if recovery is rapid. But otherwise, DKA requires hospitalization and can be life-threatening.
These symptoms are sometimes called a “diabetic attack,” but it can mean other things, such as hypoglycemia. You may notice these signs within 24 hours, but they can appear sooner, especially in children or if you use a pump. If you notice any of these symptoms, it indicates that you need medical attention as soon as possible.
If your blood sugar is high, check for ketones. You can check for ketones in your blood or urine. A blood test shows your ketone levels in real time, but a urine test shows levels from hours ago.
If you have type 1, you should get a free blood ketone monitor or urine test strips from the NHS. If you have high blood ketone levels and DKA is suspected, you should seek medical attention immediately.
DKA is serious and requires hospitalization as soon as possible. If left untreated, it can lead to a life-threatening condition.
You will also be closely monitored to make sure there are no serious problems with your brain, kidneys or lungs.
You can eat and drink, and you will be discharged from the hospital when tests show that your ketone bodies are at a safe level.
You can help prevent DKA by monitoring your blood sugar levels regularly and adjusting your insulin dose based on your blood sugar levels and diet.
When you are sick, your blood sugar levels may be higher than normal. So it’s a good idea to work with your medical team to come up with some sick leave rules when you’re sick. You should drink more water, take more insulin, and check your blood sugar more often than usual. The amount of extra insulin needed varies from person to person. Your team will help you determine the right dose for you (or your child).
“[DKA] taught me that it’s important to listen to your body. No matter how many HCPs you visit, be they GPs, specialists or family friends who work in the field, you know your body, you know what feels right and what doesn’t. Speaking of which, it’s important to trust your instincts.” 21-year-old Amber has DKA, what causes DKA?
For some people, they discover they have type 1 in the first place because they suddenly become very ill with DKA.
Sometimes DKA doesn’t always have a clear trigger, which can be worrying and confusing. However, if you suspect that you or your child has DKA, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.
If you are concerned about any aspect of administration, you can always call our helpline on 0345 123 2399 for support. Alternatively, you can go to our forums, where many people are willing to offer support and share their experiences. Diabetes can appear very early, but you may not always recognize them as diabetes symptoms.
Knowing the signs to look for and what they mean can help you spot the early signs of diabetes and get medical evaluation and treatment sooner.
This article discusses the signs and symptoms of diabetes and when to contact your doctor.
Symptoms of diabetes can occur when blood sugar levels in your body become abnormally high. In early diabetes, symptoms may be absent or symptoms may be mild. The most common early symptoms of diabetes are:
Symptoms vary from person to person. They also depend on the type of diabetes you have.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes often begin suddenly and violently. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in children, teens and young adults.
However, type 1 diabetes can develop at any age. In addition to the symptoms mentioned above, people with type 1 diabetes may notice rapid and sudden weight loss.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type. Although it occurs mostly in adults, it starts to appear more in young people. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes:
The symptoms of diabetes can seem alarming, especially in the early stages. The most common symptoms of diabetes, such as constant thirst and fatigue, are often vague and seem like everyday symptoms that are not obvious.
You should talk to your doctor about being tested for diabetes if you experience one or more of the following symptoms:
Even if your diabetes symptoms are mild, it is important to treat your diabetes. Untreated diabetes is very dangerous.
Discuss with your doctor the best treatment plan for your condition, as well as the warning signs you should be aware of if your diabetes is not being treated properly.
If left untreated or undertreated, diabetes can develop complications. It can also increase your risk of complications if your overall health condition is not managed. Diabetes can increase the risk of other health conditions, some of which can be serious.
You can help reduce your risk of diabetes complications by following your treatment plan and making lifestyle changes recommended by your doctor.
People with type 2 diabetes are less likely to develop ketoacidosis because insulin is still being produced. This complication can occur quickly and is considered a medical emergency.
If you are taking medication that increases insulin levels in your body, you are at risk of developing a serious problem.
It is important to treat hypoglycemia quickly. Talk to your doctor about what to do if you are at risk of hypoglycemia.
If you experience symptoms of diabetes, you should see your doctor. When you make an appointment, ask your doctor if there is anything you need to do to prepare for the appointment.
For example, your doctor may order a fasting blood glucose test, requiring you to fast for 8 hours before your appointment.
You should also write down any symptoms you’re experiencing or life changes you’ve experienced recently. Your doctor can use this information to help make a diagnosis, if necessary.
Your doctor may use one or more tests to screen for diabetes. A glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C) test is the most common.
This is a blood test that shows your average blood sugar levels over the past 2 to 3 months. It measures the amount of blood sugar attached to hemoglobin. The higher the blood sugar level, the more hemoglobin is attached to the sugar.
Your doctor will diagnose diabetes if you get an A1C level of 6.5% or higher on two separate tests. If your A1C level is between 5.7 and 6.4, your doctor will diagnose prediabetes. Any A1C level below 5.7 is considered normal.
If these results are inconsistent, your doctor may turn to other testing options. Conditions that can cause inaccurate results:
You should verify these readings on another day. Your doctor may also recommend an oral glucose tolerance test.
During the oral glucose tolerance test, your doctor will first ask you to perform a fasting blood sugar test. They will give you sugary liquids to drink and measure your blood sugar levels regularly over the next 2 hours. If it exceeds 200 mg/dL, you are diagnosed with diabetes.
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