How To Control Pregnancy Diabetes – Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps muscles and organs absorb blood sugar, which is necessary for proper functioning.
Diabetes varies considerably between different ethnic groups, and there is a high prevalence in Asians and urban residents. 1% of pregnant women under the age of 35 will have diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance.
Thanks to medical advances, most diabetics have perfectly healthy babies. The key to a safe pregnancy is pre-conceptual planning and strict control of blood sugar levels. These levels change significantly during pregnancy.
Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy and can persist after delivery. Thanks to medical advances, most diabetics have healthy babies.
If you are planning a baby but have been diagnosed with diabetes, you may have special health problems. Pregnancy will affect blood sugar levels and diabetes medications.
Many women do not know they are pregnant until the baby grows 2 to 4 weeks. That’s why you need to have good blood sugar control before you start trying to conceive.
High blood sugar in early pregnancy (before 13 weeks) can cause birth defects. They can also increase the risk of miscarriage and diabetes-related complications.
From the 10th week of pregnancy, the level of glucose in the blood decreases due to the increased level of estrogen and progesterone in the blood. These pregnancy hormones stimulate insulin production.
From the second trimester, all pregnancy hormones increase, especially placental hormones; this leads to increased insulin resistance. For this reason, insulin is less effective in regulating blood glucose, especially at night.
If you use insulin to control your diabetes, your doctor can tell you how to adjust the dose. Your body will probably need more while you are pregnant, especially in the last 3 months.
Childbirth can be a stressful time for you and your baby. If you used insulin during pregnancy, insulin requirements will continue during labor. It is usually continued with an IV or with a pump if you are already on a pump. Immediately after birth, your need for insulin will likely drop rapidly.
Gestational diabetes means that the diabetic condition developed during pregnancy, because the pancreas cannot meet the increased demand for the hormone insulin, which regulates blood glucose. This leads to poorly controlled blood glucose levels because insulin is not produced in sufficient amounts.
If gestational diabetes develops, the pregnancy will be considered “high risk” because the risk of hypertension (high blood pressure), blood clots, kidney disease and diabetic retinopathy [eye problems] increases.
Every pregnant woman should be tested for diabetes mellitus at her first prenatal visit and again between 16-28 weeks of pregnancy to identify those women who are at risk.
Because of the risks to you and your baby, prenatal care is essential. You should go for a consultation as soon as you suspect pregnancy. If you are a known diabetic or have a BMI greater than 35, you should consult your doctor before becoming pregnant. Birth defects can be significantly minimized by proper control of blood sugar levels.
Women with well-controlled diabetes often go into labor without problems. However, many doctors prefer to plan for an early delivery, usually around 38 to 39 weeks.
Diana du Plessis is an independent midwifery consultant and researcher. She specializes in obstetrics and neonatology and lectures widely to nursing and academic audiences nationally and internationally.
She is a passionate infant educator and national spokesperson for breastfeeding. He is the author and co-author of several publications on nurses and midwives (books and peer-reviewed articles).
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Pregnancy is a period of so much joy in a woman’s life. But as the body adapts to grow and nurture the baby, monitoring the health of the mother as well as the unborn baby becomes important to avoid complications during pregnancy. And if the mother develops diabetes, there is a chance that it can affect the health of the baby. There can be a lot of unnecessary advice from friends and family, which will only make the mother-to-be nervous. So instead of listening to the critics, let’s learn a little more about gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is a condition associated with pregnancy. While gestational diabetes has the ability to negatively affect the mother and her unborn child, studies have shown that a healthy diet for gestational diabetes can go a long way in helping the mother take control of the condition.
But before we examine the Gestational Diabetes diet in detail, let’s dive deeper into some of the problems associated with it. Questions like what is gestational diabetes, some symptoms of gestational diabetes, risk factors and causes of gestational diabetes and later how to treat gestational diabetes with a healthy diet.
Gestational diabetes mellitus, also known as gestational diabetes, is a condition in which a woman develops diabetes or high blood sugar during pregnancy. One of the three types of diabetes, gestational diabetes can occur regardless of whether the expectant mother was diabetic before pregnancy or not.
However, it usually occurs in those who have never had diabetes before. Gestational diabetes during pregnancy also does not mean that you will still have high sugar levels after the birth. For many women, it disappears soon after giving birth. But unfortunately, if you have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes, your chances of developing type 2 diabetes are higher in the future.
Gestational diabetes usually occurs at the end of the second trimester, especially between the 24th and 28th week of pregnancy. In general, at the end of the second trimester, it is common for your diabetologist to perform a test for gestational diabetes as a precaution. If left untreated or undiagnosed, gestational diabetes can increase the risk that your child will develop diabetes in the future. Therefore, it is better to treat it in time to minimize the risk and complications of gestational diabetes during pregnancy and childbirth. In these cases, a diet prescribed by a gestational diabetes dietitian can go a long way in controlling the mother’s blood sugar levels and protecting the baby.
In this chapter we will look at some of the complications of gestational diabetes and how it affects the baby. Complications can harm the growing baby, so timely diagnosis is important to control their effects during pregnancy. The expectant mother, as well as her baby, can have complications with gestational diabetes. Here are some ways that gestational diabetes can affect your baby:
Higher than normal birth weight – High blood sugar levels during pregnancy can cause her baby to be larger than normal. This is one type of gestational diabetes complication that can lead to birth injuries or an emergency caesarean section because the baby is less likely or unable to pass smoothly through the birth canal.
Premature delivery – This is closely related to higher birth weight where the woman would be forced to deliver earlier than the due date due to the large size of the baby.
Breathing problems – A serious complication of gestational diabetes in which babies can experience respiratory distress syndrome – a critical condition that makes breathing difficult – soon after birth.
Low blood sugar – Although gestational diabetes is associated with high blood sugar, some babies may experience the opposite right after birth. Extremely low blood sugar can lead to frequent seizures in babies. However, controlled feeding sessions and administration of glucose solution intravenously can be used from time to time to treat low sugar levels during labor.
Obesity in the future – Babies born to gestational diabetics are more likely to develop obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life.
Stillbirth – Untreated and uncontrolled gestational diabetes during pregnancy can eventually result in the death of the child before or shortly after birth.
Although we have seen how gestational diabetes in pregnant women poses a risk to the baby, it can also affect the expectant mother. Let’s look at some complications of gestational diabetes that can harm the mother:
High blood pressure – mothers with gestational diabetes
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