What The Connection Between Blood Sugar And Skin Health – In addition to the usual symptoms of diabetes, such as frequent urination, great hunger, thirst, weight loss, numbness in the hands or feet, several signs of the disease can be seen on the skin.
If you have certain skin problems or diseases, it is likely that they are the result of uncontrolled sugar levels. (Freepik)
Each day, all of us are at greater risk of developing diabetes than we were a few years ago. No longer a disease of the elderly, diabetes is diagnosed in children, adolescents, young adults – basically people of all ages. The incidence of diabetes is increasing worldwide and India has an estimated 77 million diabetics, which is expected to increase to more than 134 million by 2045. Because our modern lifestyles leave little time for physical activity, and cooking healthy and nutritious meals at home can be a deadly combination for developing diabetes that requires ongoing treatment and puts us at serious risk of life-threatening kidney and heart complications. , nerve diseases and oral health. (Also read: 7 winter superfoods for diabetics)
The key to overcoming diabetes is early diagnosis of the disease and taking medication while implementing lifestyle changes. In addition to the usual symptoms such as frequent urination, extreme hunger, thirst, weight loss, numbness in the hands or feet, there are several signs that a person can notice on the skin.
If you have certain skin problems or diseases, it is likely that they are the result of uncontrolled sugar levels.
Dr. Rinki Kapoor, Consultant Dermatologist, Cosmetic Dermatologist and Skin Surgeon, Aesthetic Clinics explains diabetic skin conditions and their common symptoms to be aware of:
This can be caused by a bacterial infection, which can cause the skin to become inflamed and become hot, swollen, red and painful. The most common bacterial infection is staphylococcus. Fungus, boils, folliculitis, carbuncles, and nail infections are examples of common bacterial infections.
This can be caused by a fungal infection. Yeast infections caused by Candida albicans are the most common fungal infections affecting people with diabetes. This fungus can cause an itchy rash, blisters, and scales in moist, warm skin folds. The most common places of infection are under the breast, under the nails, between the fingers and toes, in the armpits, etc. Yeast infections include vaginal yeast infection, jock itch, athlete’s foot and ringworm, etc.
This is the most common skin problem in diabetes. This is mainly due to poor circulation, dry skin and infection, especially in the lower part of the feet.
This condition is called Acanthosis Nigricans. This results in dark, velvety, tanned areas of skin. Thickened and hyperpigmented skin is one of the first signs of diabetes in a person. Patches of gray, black, brown skin that feel velvety to the touch can be found on the neck, arms, groin, hands, elbows, and knees.
Diabetic dermopathy appears as light brown, scaly patches on the skin that are barely noticeable and are often mistaken for sun spots. The most common places of occurrence are the lower limbs and around the lower leg. Dermopathy causes small depressions in the skin and is very common in diabetic men and women. Dermopathy occurs because high insulin levels damage nerves and blood vessels.
Although the condition can affect anyone, people with type 2 diabetes are at a higher risk of developing psoriasis. This infection causes skin discoloration that is scaly and itchy.
Common symptoms include thickening in the upper body, such as the back and neck.
This skin condition first appears as a dull, red and raised area and is similar to the dermopathic condition, but they are larger, deeper and spaced apart. These areas may become itchy and painful and look like a shiny scar with visible blood vessels. If left untreated, the skin becomes itchy and painful.
Although rare, diabetic blisters often occur in patients who already have diabetic neuropathy. These blisters can appear on fingers, hands, toes, feet, ankles, etc. They heal themselves.
This skin condition occurs when diabetes is at an uncontrolled level. Symptoms include yellow round bumps on the skin that may be itchy and red. They usually appear on the arms, legs, hands, feet and back of people with type 1 diabetes.
This condition is characterized by thick, waxy skin on the back of the hands that feels tight. If left untreated, the joints in the fingers become stiff and difficult to move. It can also develop on the face, shoulders and chest.
This is due to poor blood circulation and nerve damage due to high sugar levels in the body. High insulin levels make it difficult for the body to heal wounds, especially in the legs. Open ulcers are called diabetic ulcers. These open wounds can cause permanent damage and increase the need for amputation if left untreated.
All these skin conditions are treatable with simple care. Well-managed diabetes makes it easier for the body to fight off harmful bacteria and other infections. Other things that a diabetic should pay attention to include:
• Treat minor cuts or wounds immediately. Seek medical attention if the skin has serious cuts, burns, or infections.
Newsletters, alerts and recommendations Get personalized news and exit offers Mark stories you want to read later. Every cell in your body needs energy to function. The main source of energy may be surprising: it is sugar, also known as glucose. Blood sugar is important for the proper functioning of the brain, heart and digestive system. It even helps keep your skin and eyesight healthy.
When the blood sugar level falls below normal, it is called hypoglycemia. There are many symptoms of low blood sugar, but the only way to know if you have low blood sugar is to take a blood sugar test.
Learn more about the symptoms and long-term effects of low blood sugar on the body.
In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas can no longer produce insulin. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or your body can’t use it properly. Too much insulin or oral diabetes medications can lower blood sugar levels, causing hypoglycemia.
But contrary to popular belief, low blood sugar isn’t just about diabetes, although it’s rare. It can also happen if your body produces more insulin than it needs.
Another possible cause of low blood sugar is excessive alcohol consumption, especially over a long period of time. This can interfere with the liver’s ability to store glucose and then release it into your bloodstream when you need it.
When your blood sugar is too low, your cells are starved for energy. At first, you may notice minor symptoms such as hunger and headache. However, if you don’t raise your blood sugar in time, you can develop serious complications.
You need the right amount of insulin to prevent high blood sugar levels, called hyperglycemia. With insufficient insulin, the blood sugar level rises. On the other hand, too much insulin can cause a rapid drop in blood sugar.
After eating, the digestive system breaks down carbohydrates and turns them into glucose. Basically, glucose is your body’s fuel source.
When blood sugar levels rise, the pancreas releases a hormone called insulin, which helps cells throughout the body absorb and use glucose. If you have insulin-dependent diabetes, you need to take insulin to make it work.
If you don’t eat for several hours, your blood sugar will drop. If you have a healthy pancreas, it releases a hormone called glucagon to make up for the lack of food. This hormone tells your liver to process stored sugars and release them into your bloodstream.
If everything is working as it should, the blood sugar level should remain within the normal range until the next meal.
Low blood sugar can cause a fast heartbeat and palpitations. But even if you have diabetes, you may not always have obvious symptoms of low blood sugar. This is a potentially dangerous condition called hypoglycemia unawareness. This happens when you experience low blood sugar so often that it changes how your body reacts.
Normally, low blood sugar triggers the release of stress hormones such as epinephrine. Epinephrine is responsible for early warning signs such as hunger and tremors.
If low blood sugar happens too often, your body can stop releasing stress hormones, a condition called hypoglycemia-associated autonomic failure, or HAAF. Therefore, it is very important to check blood sugar levels often.
Often, low blood sugar can cause extreme hunger. But sometimes low blood sugar can make you lose interest in food, even when you’re hungry.
Low blood sugar can also cause a variety of problems in your central nervous system. Early symptoms include weakness, lightheadedness, and dizziness. Headaches can occur due to a lack of glucose, especially if you have diabetes.
You may also experience signs of stress such as nervousness,
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